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Medical Museums outside the United States


University of Melbourne, Medical History Museum http://www.chs.unimelb.edu.au/programs/jnmhu/museum

Museum Victoria http://museumvictoria.com.au/


Florence Nightingale Museum Web Site http://www.florence-nightingale.co.uk/

Freud Museum http://www.freud.org.uk/

The Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery http://www.hunterian.gla.ac.uk/

London’s Museums of Health and Medicine

Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/ Located in the recently restored Old Ashmolean building, this museum has since 1996 maintained close ties to the history of science at Oxford; students in that field study at the museum and mount exhibits featuring the collections. Staff maintain a listserve for the history of scientific instrumentation.

St. Thomas’ Hospital and Old Operating Theatre (London) http://www.thegarret.org.uk/index.htm This fascinating historic interior is situated in an intriguing situation: in the ‘herb garret’ of St. Thomas’s Church – built by Wren’s master mason Thomas Cartwright. Britain’s oldest surviving Operating Theatre has been restored with much original furniture, including a 19th Century operating table. The museum displays the history of herbal medicine, surgery, nursing at Old St. Thomas’s (the original home of Florence Nightingale’s Nursing School Florence Nightingale Museum) and Guy’s and the Evelina Children’s hospitals. It provides a dramatic insight into life before the modern era.

The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh The Museums of the College http://www.rcsed.ac.uk/site/455/default.aspx

Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds, England http://www.thackraymuseum.org/

The Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/ The premier research institution for the history of medicine. Holdings include: around 600,000 printed volumes, including 66,000 pre-1851; approximately 7,000 journals; manuscript and archive collections; Oriental Collections comprising (4,000 printed books and 11,000 manuscripts); and the Iconographic Collections housing 100,000 prints, drawings, photographs and paintings. Maintain on-line catalog of holdings, as well as Current Work in the History of Medicine.

Whipple Museum of the History of Science, Cambridge, England http://www.hps.cam.ac.uk/whipple/ The Whipple Museum is named for Robert S. Whipple, of the Cambridge Scientific Instrument Company, who in 1944 donated his collection of nearly 2000 antique scientific instruments and books to Cambridge University. The collection of scientific instruments, models, prints and related objects covers all branches of science and its applications from physics to phrenology and from magnetism to microscopy. The museum moved into its current home, the old Perse School, in 1959 and has played an active role in the teaching and research of the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at Cambridge.


Coalition of Canadian Healthcare Museums and Archives (CCHMA) http://cchma.ca/
The Coalition of Canadian Healthcare Museums and Archives (CCHMA) is an inclusive association of both the institutions that preserve and present the history of healthcare in Canada and the individuals who support them. CCHMA was established at the Canadian Museums’ Association (CMA) Conference in Toronto in 1999. It meets as a special interest group or network of the CMA at the annual meeting.  The CCHMA website contains links to over twenty collections and museums.

The Museum of Health Care at Kingston http://www.museumofhealthcare.ca/
The Ann Baillie Building, a historic limestone building on George Street on the property of the Kingston General Hospital, is the home of the Museum. More than 27,000 artifacts have been acquired, of which 13,000 are fully accessioned. The Museum sponsors displays on site, outreach galleries in the Kingston health care community, and outreach education programs, and is open for visits.

Osler Library of the History of Medicine

Czech Republic:

Czech Pharmaceutical Museum http://www.ceska-apatyka.cz/english/history/


The Steno Museum, University of Aarhus


Musée de l’Histoire de la Médecine, Universite Rene Descartes (Paris V) http://www.bium.univ-paris5.fr/musee/ A very rich collection of historical instruments for surgery, physiology, and medicine awaits the visitor to this museum. These objects, having belonged to prominent surgeons and physicians, permit one to trace the history of medicine from antiquity to the dawn of the 20th century.

Claude Bernard Museum http://www.fond-merieux.org/musee/index.html The birthplace and home of physiologist Claude Bernard, the Museum is supported by the Fondation Marcel Mérieux. It is also administrative home of the European Association of Museums of the History of Medical Sciences.

Musée Pasteur, Institut Pasteur http://www.pasteur.fr/externe

Musee Pasteur, Paris http://www.musee-pasteur.com/ Founded in 1936, this museum preserves the memory of the life and work of Louis Pasteur in the vast apartment that he occupied during the last seven years of his life, from 1888 to 1895. This museum contains not only a gallery of scientific objects illustrating Pasteur’s work, but also a funerary chapel in the Byzantine style where Louis Pasteur is interred.

General Guides:

A Traveler’s Guide to the History of Biology and Medicine, original guide by by Dr. Eric T. (Ted) Pengelley, updated by Julius P. Bonello, M.D.


Homepage des Deutschen Apotheken-Museums im Heidelberger Schloß http://www.deutsches-apotheken-museum.de/

Hygiene Museum, Dresden http://www.dhmd.de/neu/index.php?id=188

The Netherlands:

Museum Boerhaave http://www.museumboerhaave.nl The principal museum of the history of science, technology, and medicine in the Netherlands, located in Leiden

University Museum, University of Utrecht, Netherlands


Museu de História da Medicina Professor Maximiano Lemos http://museumaximianolemos.med.up.pt/index.php

Universidade do Porto, Os Museus da Universidade, Porto, Portugal http://www.ipmuseus.pt/

South Africa:

Adler Museum of Medicine http://web.wits.ac.za/Academic/Health/Museums/AdlerMuseum/
The Museum is situated in the foyer of the University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa


Medical History: Institute for the History of Medicine, Zurich http://www.mhiz.unizh.ch/ The Institute includes a notable medical history museum and a significant artifact collection, which has been the subject of several worthwhile publications by Curator Christoph Morgeli in recent years.


National Museum of Iceland – Exhibitions – Medical Museum, Nesstofa http://www.natmus.is/English/exhibitions/nesstofa.htm

Medical History Museum of Nova Scotia

Page last modified: January 24, 2014