Hannah Cha isn’t sure where she first heard about Experiential Learning Fellowships—research grants awarded by the College to students in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. But she does remember her excitement when she found out that such a program existed. “In a heavily science- and engineering-dominated school,” she says, “it was awesome to see an opportunity geared toward liberal arts subjects.”
This spring, Cha will avail herself of that opportunity. A political science and economics major, she is spending her junior year at University College London, taking courses in history and political theory. But once she finishes her exams, she will embark on a research mission to six U.S. embassies in Europe and Asia. She plans to interview foreign service officers in France, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Kazakhstan, Greece, and South Korea about the depth of their engagement with the cultures of their host countries.
Cha developed her research plan with guidance from a faculty mentor, political science professor Vincent McHale. But the idea for the project was hers, and it clearly reflects her interests and aspirations. Cha is preparing for a career in the foreign service; in fact, she was recently named a Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellow by the U.S. Department of State, an honor that includes scholarship support, internships, and mentoring as she completes her education and obtains her first posting overseas. For Cha, then, the question of how American officials relate to their cultural surroundings could not be more pertinent.
Cha is one of 60 undergraduates with majors or minors in the College who have received Experiential Learning Fellowships since 2004. With generous support from the Cleveland Foundation, the program has made grants totaling $250,000 to pay for travel, equipment, conference fees, and other research-related expenses. To secure the program’s future, other donors have come forward to endow fellowships that will support undergraduate research in selected disciplines year after year (see sidebar below).
“Historically in the College of Arts and Sciences, students in the natural sciences, and to a lesser degree in the social sciences, have had experiential projects in the laboratories of their faculty mentors,” says Associate Dean Stephen Haynesworth, who first proposed the creation of the fellowship program and has directed it since its inception. “But in the humanities, and the arts in particular, faculty normally don’t have the research funds to support such student-directed projects.
Like Cha, many Experiential Learning Fellows have traveled the globe. Tejasvi Pasupneti interviewed women in rural Ghana to assess their knowledge of malaria prevention and treatment.Lauren Groesbeck followed China’s Silk Route to study Buddhist cave art from the Wei and Tang dynasties. Andrew Willson attended London’s Royal Academy of Dramatic Art as preparation to conduct workshops in Shakespeare performance for theater students in the College. Other fellows have made research expeditions to Japan, Greece, Italy, Bolivia, Kenya, and the Palestinian territories.
As Haynesworth points out, however, the key experience the program offers is that of creating and carrying out an independent project. “The students really don’t have to leave University Circle to engage in experiential learning,” Haynesworth says. “Some of the best projects have been done right around Cleveland.”
Michael Molinaro, a senior majoring in communication sciences, illustrates Haynesworth’s point. This spring, Molinaro is doing a study with two pre-kindergarten classes at Laurel School in Shaker Heights. His research focuses on an important aspect of language development—children’s awareness of the individual sounds that combine to form words. The more proficient children are at recognizing sounds and distinguishing between them, the less likely they are to develop speech-language disorders or to have trouble learning to read.
How do children acquire what experts call phonological awareness? One way, Molinaro explains, is by mastering the art of rhyme. In his study, he is asking whether children can gain this mastery by interacting with animated characters in a virtual world.
With funds from his Experiential Learning Fellowship, Molinaro purchased specialized computer equipment and created a program called Real-Time Animated Puppetry. With this program, children at Laurel engage in rhyming exercises led by an articulate dinosaur. The teacher is actually doing the talking, but her voice, morphed by software, emerges as the dinosaur’s voice. It is 21st-century ventriloquism, all in the service of speech-language proficiency and reading readiness.
One group of preschoolers is receiving this instruction for the first four weeks of the study, while another class is taught by more traditional methods. The children’s phonological awareness and rhyming ability were assessed initially and will be again after the first month. Then, to ensure that all of the preschoolers obtain whatever benefit may accrue from the animation technology, the dinosaur will spend four weeks in the second class, while the first class returns to traditional instruction.
Molinaro developed his project with guidance from Stacy Williams, assistant professor of communication sciences, who has pioneered the use of virtual reality as a teaching resource for people with speech-language disorders. As with all Experiential Learning projects, however, Molinaro’s study is not merely an extension of his faculty mentor’s research. In work he had done with autistic children, Molinaro found that youngsters with virtually no functional language skills could reenact entire scenes from Disney films from memory. Having seen that animation can motivate children to learn, he got the idea of integrating it into instruction for normally developing preschoolers.
Before he could begin his study, Molinaro didn’t just have to write a successful proposal. He also had to obtain Institutional Review Board approval from the university (a requirement for all research involving human subjects), manage his budget as he acquired equipment and supplies, and build relationships with the teachers he trained to use the technology. Once the project is finished, he will enter the next stage in the research process—writing up his findings and presenting them at professional conferences.
“This experience has helped me grow and mature as a researcher,” Molinaro says. “It has given me a platform for doing further research in graduate school, for a master’s thesis or for a doctorate. It has also given me a chance to work with this kind of experimental technology, and to learn how powerful it can be.”
Williams says that undergraduates throughout the College can benefit from such experiences. “When faculty are able to share their passion for research, it helps students start to see what’s available to them and then take it in their own direction,” she says. “They put their knowledge and skills into practice to address real-world questions and problems that need to be solved.”
Donors Endow Experiential Learning Fellowships
As of spring 2008, undergraduates in the College of Arts and Sciences may apply for any one of three endowed Experiential Learning Fellowships:
The Experiential Learning Fellowship in Anthropology, open to majors in that field, was established by Jonathan F. Plimpton ’70, who has found that his degree and training in anthropology serve him well in his career in international business.
The Francis J. and Earla E. Rocks Experiential Learning Fellowship is open to students with a major or minor in art history and art, classics, English, modern languages and literatures, music, or theater and dance. It was established by James E. Rocks ’61, who writes:
“I chose to endow this fellowship and to name it for my parents because, although neither of them went beyond high school, they valued learning and knew its importance for success. My father was a self-made man in the old model but believed that learning and experience were both necessary—that each one made the other viable. I also believe that the opportunity to travel to study a topic or problem is one of the best forms of education for a student—one I profited from as a French major at the university. So I advocate any kind of learning which allows a student to go beyond the campus as an additional dimension of his or her education.”
The George S. Traub Memorial Fellowship is open to students whose research projects relate to the history, politics, public policy, or economics of the northern ohio region. the George S. Traub Undergraduate Research Fund, which supports the fellowship, was established by Mr. Traub’s widow, Mrs. Nina Traub, and his sons, Ronald and Willard Traub. Part of the endowment also comes from the Traub Fund at the Jewish Community Federation. George S. Traub graduated from Adelbert College in 1929 and managed his own business, the Traub Box Company.
Originally published in the spring 2008 issue of art/sci magazine.